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Carpenter Ants

Carpenter ants are big ants that live in many parts of the world. They like to build their nests or colonies from dead, damp timber. However, contrary to popular opinion, they do not feed on wood as termites do.

They use timber to build their colonies and tunnel through it in their search for new sources of food. This is evidenced by piles of frass, which is the debris that the carpenter ants have hollowed out of typically damp. dead wood.

There are over a thousand species of these large, typically black ants, which belong to the genus Camponotus. Carpenter ants live in colonies and have colonies both indoors and outdoors in moist, decaying or hollow timber. They like to travel through this rotting timber by chiselling out galleries or walkways in timber length-ways up the grain in order to provide passageways from one part of the nest to another.

The parts of a house that are most prone to be of interest to carpenter ants are floor joists, window frames and rafters in the roof. In fact, anywhere where you are liable to have a difficulty with water entry. Decks and porches are also obviously at risk.

An interesting fact about carpenter ants is that some species produce members that can explode in order to kill attackers. These so-called exploding ants are found mostly in South East Asia where there are at least nine species that can cause their bodies to explode, thus committing suicide.

These ants have a huge abdomen which produces a sort of glue which is shot out of the head onto attackers. The exploding ant dies, but all the attackers caught up in this mesh of glue are immobilized as well.

How do you know whether you have carpenter ants or not? Well, the best method of idetifying carpenter ants from other ants is by observing their waists. A carpenter ant has only one node or hump and their thorax or upper body is well-rounded and smooth. Other similar ants have more than one node or an uneven or two-sectioned back.

If you are looking at flying ants, then the disparity between carpenter ants and termites, with which they are often confused, is that carpenter ants have darker-coloured bodies, narrow waists, elbowed or bent antennae and, if they have them, the rear wings are shorter than the front wings.

Another aspect is that carpenter ants are fairly happy to come out and be seen, whereas termites are light-shy, even though carpenter ants are most active between dusk and mid-night and reproductive termites will take to the air during the day time.

Carpenter ants eat protein and sugar such as other insects, living or dead and spilled honey or sugar. This honey can also be extracted from aphids or greenfly, which is called honeydew. Therefore, if you want to trace carpenter worker ants back to their nest or colonies, you have to lay down something like honey and watch the ants take the food back to their colonies. This is the first step in destroying colonies of carpenter ants.

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Taking Care Of Your Laptop

These days we all have to use computers and it does matter what job it is that we are tasked to do. It can be a very powerful tool that can help us to keep on track of the tasks that we need to perform on a day to day basis. While it is important for our career and business, the great thing about them is that they are also be perfect as a means of connecting with other people and getting some form of entertainment. That is why it is important that we take care of them. While laptop repairs are possible these days it is always a good thing to know how to take proper care of them.

In order to help you out here are some laptop care tips that you can keep in mind. Guidelines like these ought to be useful for you and should come in handy so you can make sure that your computer will be useful to you for a long time:

Keeping Vents Clean- You might not realize it but the air vents are a necessary part of your laptop. You have got to maintain it properly and make sure that there is nothing that is blocking the air vents. You have to check it at least once every week to make sure of that.

Check the Fan- One other important part of the laptop that you have to check is the fan. You have got to make sure that it is running perfectly all the time. If the fan experiences any breakdown, it might end up with bigger problems for you in the long run so you have to make sure that it is running properly.

Don’t Use it on Soft Places- If you can help it don’t use your laptop on soft places where the airflow to the air vents can be severely restricted. Make sure that you use it hard flat surfaces where the flow of air can be kept at an optimum level. This can help from keeping it from overheating.

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Key Information About South Asian World-Royal Enfield Motorcycle

Production of Royal Enfield motorcycle is still existent even though it is the oldest model of motorcycles ever. The company began in Redditch , Worcestershire and dissolved in 1971 however, India is the only place where production is still carrying on. Thus, the 1963 model was named The Royal Enfield Indian Motorcycle and was then sold to America.

While Royal Enfield was most famous for its production of motorcycles, it made numerous other things, like rifle parts, lawnmowers, and bicycles. Their logo was a picture of a cannon with the motto “Made like a gun, goes like a bullet.

By 1955, Enfield of India began producing Bullet motorcycles under a licensing agreement with the UK brand, and by 1962 they were making complete bikes. Even when Royal Enfield dissolved in 1971, the Indian company, in Chennai continued production and bought the rights to the name “Royal Enfield” in 1995. They’re still in business as of 2009.

The year 1950 was a turning point for the Indian Motorcycle Company of America. A company called Brockhouse Corporation was assisting with the finance of wavering Indian company, and bought it in 1950. Some unlucky proceedings led to the India branch being split into two: one for the sales, and one for manufacturing.

The producing arm could not meet the retooling costs for an overhead valve engine, and it closed in 1953. Some Indian purists consider that to be the end of the “real” Indian motorcycles. But the sales arm of the company did not fold.

Since Brockhouse Corporation had the authority to the name after Indian manufacturing went under, they began importing Enfields and selling them as Indians from 1955 to 1970. This was an early example of “badge engineering,” and it was not rewarded. Though dealerships still carried the Matchless/Indian name after 1959, the Indian name was dropped from motorcycles.

In the Indian Motorcycle history, there were numerous disputes about who would own the authority to the brand name during this period. In 1960, the Enfield Chief was still being sold- a rebadged Enfield 700 cc twin fitted with the fender guards, saddlebags and other Indian accessories.

Anyhow, Associated Motorcycles of Britain bought the Indian name in 1960. In 1963, the Berliner Motor Corporation overpowered the U.S distributorship of Associated Motorcycles and the Indian name was completely removed for good. These details of the deal became life-like in form of trademark and branding struggles till 1999.

In the mid 60s, Floyd Clymer took the sales arm of the Indian company. He was a racer, author, motorcycle dealer, and a magazine publisher. Clymer tried to repair the Indian brand for the past five years or so, by fitting Indian nameplates to Italian Velocette-based bikes and also had prototype built based on the original Indian V-twin design. However, unfortunately, the prototype was the only one ever made.

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Network Wire Tester – Crucial Information Before You Decide To Purchase

A network cable tester is utilized to confirm that network wiring is installed the right way. An ethernet tester should be utilized in all situations where completely new wiring has been set up in a commercial setting. The requirement of verification of network wiring is achieved through a number of tests detailed by the Telecommunications Industry Association and the ISO specifications. The Ethernet cable tester will give Pass/Fail data on several diverse tests on the wire itself. The certification of wires is primarily carried out by the telecom firm. This allows the data firm to warranty their work.

When a wire build is performed a lot of hands have touched the connections for the wires. You can find cable connections in the workstation jack that are normally in the form of a data jack. You can find connections at the other end of the work station cable inside the Cabling area that is generally completed on a patch panel inside the cable rack. Then you will find the patch cords that are linked from the patch panel to the network routers and on the user side patch cords are actually connected from the wall plug directly into pc or network instrument itself. At times you’ll find mid spans which run up the amount of connectors inside an individual cable run.

The importance of the LAN cable analyzer as you can see is extremely crucial due to the fact there are many points of failure. Without a cable tester this is nearly an impossible activity. Cabling specialists and LAN designers are human beings. They’ll make errors socking, labeling and punching down cable. You will be fortunate to experience mistakes with 5% or less of the wiring install. This particular troubleshooting could be very, very time-consuming if you do not have a good Ethernet wire analyzer.

The cable meter is crucial to both the clientele and also the firm. On the client end, they need to be certain that all of the wires have been installed correctly. They are paying out a great deal of cash for an Ethernet cable installation and will count on it to operate their business for numerous years to come. On the firm end you must have these wire test results to confirm your work and obtain a gaurantee from the cable maker.

With that being said, a cable analyzer is a must for any middle to large-size cabling firm. You need to be able to validate your job to both the cable manufacturer and also the customer. A LAN analyzer is the tool that can achieve this for your firm. It’ll also produce nicely organized test records that can be delivered via e-mail to the customer for his or her satisfaction and even your own. Do your homework on-line and select a wire analyzer that looks like it’s the right match for your organization. This will surely be a useful purchase for quite a few years to come.

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Consider A Metal Building For Your Needs

In the grand scheme of things large and small we all look for the most efficient way to supply ourselves with the most cost effective materials we may need. This is also true when contemplating construction of a storage unit or a place to work from. A metal building makes the perfect storage shed or work shop and is cost effective as well as lasts longer than other types of structures.

The typical style of this structure that everyone thinks of is a corrugated, box shape that is less than flattering when observed from afar. That is not the case for them today. They actually are impressive with their insulation and bends and turns that may be an advantage to yesterdays appearance. This makes them perfect for pole barns, trailers and auto-repair shops.

This type of structure can be estimated for cost, designed to your specifications and built faster than most other types of erections. The reason this is possible is because there are fewer components than what wood or aluminum designs use so the erection time is shorter. Even in cold climates, construction can continue in inclement weather because they are usually enclosed quicker.

Space is a major concern when erecting something of this magnitude. With this type of edifice, you actually get unobstructed space. Because they are made of high-strength metal, architects are able to omit the normally required columns for support. This means that your floor space is precise without an obstruction ever few yards.

Before hiring a contractor, it is recommended that you have your blueprints ready for the job. This will allow the companies you are interviewing to give you the best estimate available for your design. Contact several different businesses to get the lowest estimate. References should be checked for completion constraints, keeping close to the estimate and professionalism. If they do not show up on time or work through the day, they will be useless to you.

After choosing the company, make sure the work is supervised. This does not mean to hover around their work site but rather inspect the workmanship periodically. It is recommended that you let them work during the day and visit the site on specific days to inspect the schedule and work performed.

The materials used are as important as the workmanship. Some businesses will opt for using cheaper goods. This is helpful but remember; you get what you pay for. If the merchandise is substandard, then so will be the structure. They should instead use a good quality of fabrics so that the edifice will last through time and weather.

When considering the erection of a new shop, garage or shed think about making it a metal building. They will be built to your specifications in any design you choose and will withstand the test of time and weather. Utilizing this form of fabrication could provide you with the last work location you will ever need.

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How To Make Natural Insecticides

A great deal of people are trying to get away from using chemicals and nowhere more so than in the use of insecticides in and around the house. The problem is that modern chemical pesticides work, are easily obtainable and are fairly inexpensive. The same goes for home-produced insecticides, but you have to gather the ingredients and combine them together. Some find this little bit of extra work off-putting.

Boric acid is the principal ingredient used in destroying a whole horde of insects. (By the way, it is also the prime ingredient in many commercial insecticides as well, but they combine it for you and quadruple the price. If you do not trust me, look at the ingredients on the box).

Boric acid or borax is created from boron, one of the borates. Borax has been a proven pesticide for about a hundred years. It has a variety of effects on different insects, but if an insect has mandibles or jaws, the boric acid will get inside and destroy the nervous system. Some insects, like bed bugs do not have these mouth parts, so it is less effective against them, but borax will dessicate an insect if it is dusted with the powder.

To kill any insects that love sugar, in particular ants, mix one cup of sugar into three cups of water and four teaspoons of borax. Mix them and dissolve it all completely. Get a few jam jars with lids and clean them carefully. Saturate a few cotton balls in your home-produced pesticide and put them in each jar. Then replace the tops and make a few holes in each. Put the jam jars, on their sides, in the path of any invading insects. Make sure that the holes are large enough for the insects to get through.

For cockroaches, mix borax with flour, particularly cornflour and leave about where they run or you could steep a slice of bread in borax and water for the same result.

Termites can be eradicated by adding borax powder to any non-poisonous fluid that will soak into wood, propylene glycol for instance, and really slop it on the end-grain of timbers as a preventative measure.

If you want a spray for your plants, you could crush a load of garlic into a pint or two of paraffin; put the bits in too. Leave it stand for a day; sieve it and add just as much soapy water. Mix thoroughly; store in glass, tipping only what you require into a spray gun as and when you require it, because it might dissolve some plastics.

Soapy water alone will kill greenfly, just spray it on.

Another natural insecticide which will work on a lot of garden pests is ‘stinging nettle juice’. Cut down a big bunch of stinging nettles and put them in a big bucket of water, leave them for three or four weeks until they have finished fermenting (no more bubbles). Take a jar full and dilute it with three of four jars of cold water, because it is too strong for many plant life. Just spray it on. Top up your fermentation bucket with fresh water and a few nettles.

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Well Balanced Eating Techniques Pertaining To People

Using common sense when eating can be enough for you to avoid most of the problems that people tend to encounter with diet plans, and ensure that you’re eating in a much healthier way. It’s actually not that hard to eat more healthily, you just have to be committed to finding ways that you can insert these strategies into your everyday life.

Eggs are one of the healthiest foods around actually, despite having been given a bad reputation for the cholesterol contained within the yolk. While that is true, it’s also a source of tons of other nutrients.

Just by taking a look at the grains themselves, if they look like a whole oat then you’re probably good to go. But anything that doesn’t means it’s been too processed to provide all the nutrients.

But of course healthy eating isn’t restricted to the breakfast table, this is just one way that’s simple, and makes it easier for you to get your start to the day done the right way.

With eating throughout the day, you just want to be smart about how you’re actually consuming your food. Sometimes it’s all in how food is prepared that can make the biggest difference.

Carbohydrates are simply energy, and not having enough of them will mean that you don’t have enough oomph when you’re trying to workout, or get motivated to start your day.

However, when you fry potatoes they make a byproduct called acrylamide that can actually cause cancer. That means you’re raising your risk of cancer with every French fry that you eat throughout a day.

So don’t be afraid of the carbs, and make sure that you’re getting good natural sugar, as well as antioxidants as well. With all combined, you’ll have the recipe for healthy energy that lasts throughout the day.

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How to Pick the Correct Circuit Kit for Your Child

Electricity fascinates youngsters. Several electrical circuit kits for youngster are now available which will teach your kids how electricity works in a safe and fun manner. Selecting the most appropriate circuit kit for your kid is a matter of asking yourself the correct questions before going shopping.

What exactly is Your kid’s Age?

Investing in a circuit kits for kids starts with the age of your child or children are and how long you want to use it for. If your child is young, get a kit which is simple for them to operate with and illustrated. If your child is more mature or the kit are going to be utilized by multiple kids, then match up the circuit kit’s covered concepts, difficulty, and skills required to your kids or the family.

What’s Your Child’s Affinity for Electricity?

If your child is very enthusiastic about how electricity works, then look for a circuit kit which delves deeper, contains more tasks. In the event you aren’t sure how interested your child is in electricity, take a look at circuit kits which are expandable. If your child contains a special interest in alternative energy, look for kits that cover “green energy”.

Just how many Will Use the Kit?

Are you looking for a kit your kids can do by themselves or a kit that your youngsters can perform together with each other and friends, then take a look for a kit that provides that. Also, if the kit will be utilized collaboratively around various ages, then look for a kit that meets the requirements of all ages.

Making Your Choice

Today, it is difficult to go through everyday life without knowledge electrical circuits. Your youngster may benefit from the time used learning about electricity and circuits; you may even give them background information and skills that they can use in their maturity.

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The Plight Of Sea Turtle Conservation

Sea turtle conservation is an effort of widespread interest among conservationists, especially since so many species are currently under threat by habitat loss or diminishing resources such as food and nesting areas. Turtles that are not under threat by lack of habitat or food often face commercial exploitation by humans who poach turtles for their meat or harvest their eggs as a delicacy. Sea turtles are important to the ecosystem because they are natural predators of many species of jellyfish, which can help keep exploding populations in check. Natural oceanic ecosystems suffer damage by the rapid decline in sea turtle populations.

One common problem with turtle populations is pollution, especially among olive ridley sea turtles that feed on jellyfish, since plastic debris looks like jellyfish and lead turtles to consume them accidentally. Consumption of plastic frequently causes malabsorption, meaning despite a normal diet turtles will suffer from malnutrition as they cannot absorb essential vitamins, minerals or proteins. Another issue is intestinal blockage, which can lead to fast death. Small olive ridley turtles may strangulate on plastic debris and die immediately, while larger adults will ingest the plastic whole. Most conservation groups agree that pollution needs to stay in check and make an effort to keep garbage, debris and chemicals out of the oceans for the sake of turtles and other wildlife.

Another problem is natural predation exacerbated by imbalanced ecosystems. Leatherback turtles notably are independent and have no real predators as adults, but juveniles are very small and unprotected by their parents. They hatch independently and enter in the ocean, where they become prey for large fish and invertebrates. Some never even make it to the ocean, instead becoming prey for shore crustaceans and birds while they are still on the sand. Conservationists agree that healthier populations of leatherbacks along with more normally distributed predators would cause a higher survival rate for young leatherbacks.

Conservation initiatives are varied and some of the most common include tagging individuals and tracking them by satellite. This is most frequently performed on critically endangered species to ensure that healthy breeding individuals remain healthy. Tracking adult females can help monitor where they lay eggs so that poachers and predators can be discouraged and future breeding encouraged. Relocation is also a potential solution to population issues, especially where a disproportionate number of predators exist. Additionally, ecotourism helps individual species and populations to become understood by the general public, making it easier to help prevent population decline.

Measuring the effectiveness of various conservation efforts is quite a challenge. Often populations are estimated through the reporting and recording of nesting sites. While this does not give researchers an exact number, it can be measured and compared to previous year’s data. It is not the most precise gauge but it is the best method we currently have and is our best bet for saving sea turtles for future generations.

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Learning Chemistry In Higher A Levels

Before they focus on their course at the university, junior college students in Singapore get to explore more options first in their studies. Learning chemistry at this stage is no separate. Students don’t need to select which from AO, A, and S (Alternative Ordinary, Advanced, and Special) papers to take anymore. Instead, they get to pick from H1 (Higher 1), H2 (Higher 2), and H3 (Higher 3) levels. This new set of categories give students a more superior foundation in chemistry subjects, as well as enable them to obtain skills that will assist their studies at the university.

For O Level students studying chemistry, they focus more on solving formulas, actual experiments, and learning the periodic table. A Level Chemistry students have a separate approach. Before they can study for their A Levels, O Level students must first complete their chemistry subject.

H1 level students learn the basic principles in chemistry for problem solving. They will learn basics in organic, inorganic, and physical chemistry, and will include topics like Equilibria, Chemical Energetics, Chemical Bond, Atomic Structure, Reaction Kinetics, Redox Reactions, and Stoichiometry.

H1 is seen as half of h2 level in terms of time and topics covered. H2 chemistry, which prepares students to learn for the subject at university level, covers more subject matters than H1, but they have the same intensity. There are more subject matters included. Besides the H1 chemistry subject matters, Chemical Periodicity, Electrochemistry, and Chemistry of Transition Elements are also in the options among others.

Provided that they have the necessary permission from their school, students studying the subject at H2 level can change to H1 or the other way around if they wish. That isn’t allowed in H3, though. Taking chemistry at H3 level requires students to finish their H2 chemistry first because the curriculum at H3 aims to build on the knowledge taken at the lower level.

H3 level is, as they say, for students who wish to pursue their interest. Learning chemistry at H3 level means the student intends to expand their knowledge in the subject. Not everyone who finishes H2 Chemistry can progress to H3, though. Schools can only choose a few for H3 program under their discretionary admission.

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