Tag Archives: personal tech

Development of the Telephone

With over six out of every seven people on the planet using it in one form or another, the telephone surely must be the most commonly used technological device of today’s world.

The invention of the telephone is often attributed to Alexander Graham Bell, who in 1876 was the first to obtain a patent on a sound transmitting “apparatus.” But truth be told, many other inventors had been working on similar technologies ever since the 1830’s.

An essential complement to the telephone, the switchboard, was also invented in 1876 by Hungarian engineer Tivadar Pusks. In spite of its crucial importance to future of telephone networks, it would still be many years before switchboards became commonplace.

The earliest telephones from the 1870’s until the mid-1890’s were sold in pairs that would be connected together over a distance to facilitate communication between, say, a residence and a workshop.

The creation of a telephone network through the use of switchboards began in Lexington, Massachusetts, in 1894. The operators were almost exclusively women, and for the next half-century, this was how all long-distance phone calls in the United States were relayed.

In 1951, “area codes” were introduced for eleven cities across the United States, creating the ability to make automatic long-distance phone calls that bypassed the switchboards. Still in use today in or close to the same location, except for the one in San Francisco, these area codes were: 215 (Philadelphia), 216 (Cleveland), 312 (Chicago), 313 (Detroit), 318 (San Francisco), 401 (Providence), 412 (Pittsburgh), 414 (Milwaukee), 415 (Oakland), 617 (Boston), and 916 (Sacramento).

For decades to follow, things then remained pretty much unchanged until the popularization of Mobile Phones and VoIP telephony.

Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)

The latest majorly different way to transmit phone calls is known as VoIP, short for “Voice over Internet Protocol.” It was invented by Alon Cohen and Lior Haramaty in 1994, and introduced to the market in 1995 with the release of the first VoIP software by VocalTec.

Today, there are dozens of companies such as Skype or Vonage offering VoIP telephone services at rates that are usually much less than traditional landlines or mobile phone rates.

While extraordinarily price competitive, three disadvantages commonly mentioned with VoIP phone services are, 1) You cannot make emergency calls (911) through your VoIP service, 2) Your number will be unlisted, which may make you more difficult to find, 3) Your phone will not function when there’s a power outage.

Mobile Telephones

Mobile phones experienced an explosion in popularity in the 1990’s, driven by lower cost and expanded networks. However, it may surprise you to know that the first successful mobile phone took place in 1946, from a car in St Louis, Missouri.

Ten years later, the first automatic car phone was introduced in Sweden. That contraption, constructed with vacuum tubes and relays, weighed close to 90 lbs.

Even though the technology transmit phone calls wirelessly is old, the use of cell phones did not take off in earnest until the 1990’s. At the end of the 1980’s, only one in seventy Americans use some kind of mobile phone, and many of those were the kind installed into automobiles. Ten years later, the number of American mobile phone users had jumped to one in three. Take another leap to the year 2011, and the number of cell phone subscriptions surpassed the population; which means that on average, every American now uses a mobile phone.

Across the globe today, in world of 7 billion people, there are 5.9 billion cell phone subscribers. Put that in contrast to 1.26 billion landline telephone services. The mobile phone revolution is over in a mere two decades.

With a background as a translator, writer and publisher, Kent J Davidsson currently works in the utilities and communications industry. For quotes on communication services, including phone, Internet and television, please write to him and his team via e-mail write to@lower-utility-bills.us.

Every Bride Deserves Sassi Holford Wedding Dresses

Choosing a wedding dress can be a monumental task! It seems every girl has dreamed of this day at some point in her childhood, so a dress is something anticipated for many years. it becomes hard for her to zero in on one dress because of the other beautiful options available. It happens that the dress you like today might not seem that great to you the next day. So how do you really find the perfect dress?

A wedding dress or wedding dress custom-made apparel for the bride during a wedding, usually dressed in Western-style dress and comes with the veil, and some complementary. The colors and styles depending on several factors, such as culture, religion and fashion trends.Wedding dresses are made according to a woman’s body turns to show the elegance and beauty of a newly wed bride. Styles include: A-Line, Ball Gown, Column, Mermaid and the Empire.Also known as the “princess”, allows the bride to show her beauty and gentleness and a layer of gauze and skirts.

Probably the most popular styles that fit most every woman body. The main feature that is fitted around the body, like that “flares” out of “A” shape, as falls to the ground. Starting with the slim A-line is the full A-line skirt begins to flare at the bottom right of the waist, and helps to hide the hard bottom. Shorter bride, the body was elongated to create the illusion of height. The bride’s complete thought, a deep V-neck design to choose from, it seemed a slender neck.

Mainly in a form fitting bodice leads down to a very full floor length skirt. Similar to the “A-line” to flatter most bodies, except that, especially in Excel, the hiding big hips. Having said this, it is also good, bride, narrow hips, because it gives you a look at the curve. Generally do not “train”, this style helps to create the hourglass look for them, big boobs, as the waistline is emphasized because of breast-line and equipped with a natural, Basque or dropped waist.

Sassi Holford has been designing bridal wear for 30 years. The amazing thing is that she is completely self-taught. She didn’t go to any design school, but Sassi Holford wedding dresses are some of the most beautiful dresses in the world. She has quite a following and has been chosen by many celebrities to design their dresses from them.Once you have gone through all the steps mentioned in this article, you will be a lot closer to finding your perfect wedding dress. Because every woman is different and unique, you need to find a wedding dress that feels like it was solely intended for you. Spend a lot time in looking for your wedding dress, and do not compromise at all. Wedding day is your special day. Celebrate it like a princess.

Starting with the slim A-line is the full A-line skirt begins to flare at the bottom right of the waist, and helps to hide the hard bottom. Shorter bride, the body was elongated to create the illusion of height. The bride’s complete thought, a deep V-neck design to choose from, it seemed a slender neck.Modern Bedding

Evening Dresses for Special Events

Women give a lot of importance on their evening dress when donning for special gatherings. Along with that, you have to give attention on other bodily fashion accessories such as sandals, jewelries, make-up and so on. It really is something that makes all the women a lot more special. There are numerous sources through which you could get evening wear at acceptable prices. You can have huge collection of amazing gowns for all occasions. Similarly always Dresses Bridesmaidcomplement your selected occasion and options with beautiful fashion accessories from prominent designers. They are reasonable and also appropriate to the needs of a big mass. Designers continue to be in touch with the need of the market as well as with the most recent fashion trend.

Keeping an eye on the fashion industry is a must. Once you Dresses Bridesmaiddid, you would find most asymmetrical prom dresses stole the show in 2010 fashion houses. Except being enthusiastic in making gorgeous looks and applying sparkling accessories, designers did detect the special appeal on some chic necklines. One-shoulder evening dress is definitely a craze brought out by those fashion elites and loved by lots of trend followers.

Many stores keep plus sized pieces in their stock but don’t put them on display so you should never be hesitant to ask the sales person for your size if you do not find your size in the display. If you still do not find an appropriate size, get it made on order; some stores offer this facility and make clothes on order for their customers.

The arrival of one-shoulder evening dress makes girls shine more on the dance floors. Fetching looks get to be completed more easily as these exquisite gowns do not require additional embellishments. The single shoulder strap itself is also functional in decorating your neck. A Plus Size Prom Dresses well-chosen necklace seems gorgeous, but may become redundant on a one-shoulder evening gown this time.

It’ s a habit for most designers to make the shoulder strap look the same with the dress body. Usually, one-shoulder prom dress looks rather decent and formal. But artists’ sensitivity does not allow them to keep to any tradition. This year, most evening gowns with asymmetrical necklines do seem more ornate and dolce. Ruffle and ribbon exactly become two of those most popular accessories on those single shoulder straps. Fancy shoulder girdles surly contribute a lot to make your appearance more alluring.

Without overdoing sex appeal, a floor-length single shoulder prom gown really looks extremely delicate.Protect Your Pet

LDS Wedding Gown: The Big Question, Temple Dress Or Wedding Gown

Finding beautiful and unique wedding dresses for the most important day is every girl’s dream. But it may be quite troublesome to make a decision before thousands of bridal gowns. So maybe you could choose the bridal dresses according to the fashion trend, and here are wedding gowns trend for 2011 spring and summer.

Woman will have one of 4 body shapes. Read the following and consider which you Evening Dresses in ukare:Pear-shaped: This is the most common body shape for women, but if you’re not sure if this is you then typically pear-shapes will have a larger lower body, small or medium bust, full calves and thighs and curvy hips and bottom. They have a slimmer face and neck.

Now that you are armed with this knowledge you can shop for your ideal wedding dress safe in the knowledge that you go into the store and ask for some flattering options immediately. This is especially important when shopping online. You can get amazing bargains online, but what you can’t usually do is physically try on a dress for style before you buy it, so these style tips will help you to right dress the first time round.

Most wedding dresses come in symmetrical designs, but 2011 wedding gown trend will release many trendy gowns with Asymmetrical designs, from neckline, waist to the bottom of the dress.

Overall, it’s probably easier to choose a temple dress for your temple ceremony and then change into your wedding dress later, as a Mormon bride has many other things to focus on during the day as well!

Given that most people will see you mainly outside of the temple and at the reception you can, if you can bear to get changed once, have your cake and eat it! Go with the temple dress for the ceremony, but then choose a more elaborate wedding dress for pictures and your reception!

Overall, it’s probably easier to choose a temple dress for your temple ceremony and then change into your wedding dress later, as a Mormon bride has many other things to focus on during the day as well!Cheap prom dresses

Deciding On The Ideal Printer For Your Necessities

People like having printers since these are quite useful units, both in the home and at the office. Even though so much can be done online, considering it’s the digital age, it’s always useful to be able to print a web page, photo or document. Considering that there is such a wide selection in terms of brands and models, the question is: which should you buy? Since there are a number of factors that will play a role in your printer choice, this article will present a few ideas to help you along the way to find the ideal printer for your requirements.

The resolution represents the quality of the document or image produced by the printer and refers to the number of dots that were printed per square inch. Therefore, the quality will increase proportionally with the resolution. This number is the most vital element you need to be checking when you go shopping for a printer. Printers increase in price as their resolution increases, which means you need to think carefully about how good you really need the printer to be. Many of the printers that are manufactured today, even those on the lower end of the price scale, have a pretty good resolution.

A variety of printers are produced today to fulfill a wide range of jobs. Consider getting a photo printer if you take lots of photos and want to print them out. While normal printers may be able to print photos, they are mainly meant to print text which is why the image quality won’t be quite as good. Most photo printers allow you to connect directly to your digital camera so that you don’t have to transfer anything to your computer. There are lots of models on the market at varying prices and qualities, so the type of photo printer you choose will be according to the image quality you require.

If you have a lot of documents to print, then you need to also consider printing speed when looking at printers. It can get irritating waiting for a slow printer to print out long documents. Laser printers are your best option if you are looking for a fast printer because they are able to spit out a lot of pages extremely quickly. If a few people will be using the same printer, as in an office, speed is quite important. However, there isn’t really any point in shelling out extra cash for a fast laser printer if you print a few pages at a time and only on occasion because speed won’t be too important for you. Therefore, you need to figure out exactly how critical speed is before you decide on a particular model.

Due to the fact that there are so many printers available on the market, you need to keep a few issues in mind namely how much you can afford to pay for a printer, the overall reputation of the unit as well as its intended use. You can find printers that are quite cheap yet extremely efficient and fast because they have progressed significantly over the past few years. Even so, you should still do some research and shop around a bit as well as keeping the tips in this article in mind. You have to ensure that the printer you purchase delivers and does what you need it to do.

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Tips To Save You Money On Your Ink Jet Print Cartridges

If you print a lot these cartridges can cost you plenty. The prices of these cartridges are never the same it seems and the more you need to replace them the more expensive they can be. It’s important to save money in these hard economic times especially where nonessential items like ink are concerned we’ll give you some tips to help you do that in this article.

Refilling your print cartridges instead of buying all new ones is the easiest way to save some cash on your printing needs. The one caveat to this is that you can usually only get five refills from one cartridge. This will still save you a grapple of money between replacements. These are relatively simple to refill yourself but you can also find services online and locally to do it for you. Use the right ink for your printer to ensure proper operation and quality prints. You’ll need to know how expensive the cartridges are before you decide to replace your printer with a new one.

You will make better use of your printer cartridges by using your printer the most economical way. Perhaps you didn’t realize that turning your machine off and on is a mistake in most cases as it wastes ink. While you will find this isn’t true of every printer many will automatically clean the print heads every time you turn the machine back on. If your printer is one that does this be careful how often you turn it off and on. The ink you use will probably cost more than the power you might save by turning your machine off. The settings for paper can also have an affect on how much ink is consumed. Make sure your paper setting fits the type of paper you are using.

Most printers will automatically print color unless you tell it not to. You are wasting ink if you are not correcting these settings and ultimately costing you money. It’s important for you to consider whether or not color is a necessity you can live without. If color is not a necessity for you then consider a black and white printer. You are probably wasting more color than you know with advertisements you don’t need printed.

Saving a lot of cash on printer cartridges is simple if you are conscious of what you are doing. It is necessary to think about the above items before we print and then ask yourself i you really need to print at all. Do your research, shop around for the best deal for replacement cartridges and your will save a lot of money. Saving money when buying print cartridges is as easy as following these tips.

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3 Ways To Save Money On Printer Cartridges

Printer Cartridges can break the bank if you print a lot. The Prices never stay the same and they often need replacing at the worst possible moments. In these challenging economic times, you want to save money in as many ways as possible, and we’ll be covering some helpful tips to reduce your printing costs.

Refilling your printer cartridges rather than buying new ones when they’re empty is the simplest way to save money on printing. The one caveat to this is that you can usually only get five refills from one cartridge. This, however, can still save you quite a bit of money. There are services that can refill for you as well as kits that allow you to do it yourself. You only need to ensure that you are using the proper ink for your printer. If you’re planning to buy a new printer, you should look into how easy and expensive it is to refill and replace printer cartridges before you choose a model.

Use your printer i the most economical way possible. Frequent bouts of turning your printer off and back on can cause ink to be wasted. This isn’t true for all printers, but some automatically have a function that cleans the print head every time you turn the machine on. So if this is true for the printer you have you’ll want to be conscious of this. The ink you use will probably cost more than the power you might save by turning your machine off. Pay attention to your paper settings too these can cause ink to be used improperly. When you set up your printer options, be sure that it’s the right match to the kind of paper you’re using.

Many printers will print using the color cartridge unless you set them to print in black. Since these color cartridges are often more expensive than the black ones you are wasting money if your printer is set to print from them when you only need black and white. Do you really need to print in color? If it’s not necessary, why not print the document in black and white? Sometimes we waste color ink by printing our color advertisements.

It you are careful you can save money easily on printer cartridges. Many people just print without considering the settings, whether the page is really ready to be printed and if they even need a hard copy of the page. If you are conscientious about your printing, and shop around for the best deals on replacement cartridges, your printing will be more economical. Use these tips to keep from wasting money on print cartridges.

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If You Want To Save Money On Printer Cartridges Read On.

Printer cartridges are expensive so if you are buying them frequently you are spending a lot of money. These products are a major source of profits for printer manufacturers, and they are usually selling the printers cheaply and charging a lot for the cartridges. This article is full of effective tactics for saving money on printer cartridges.

The reason for this is they print practically everything. In many cases you could simply save the document or image to your desktop and save paper and ink. Because many business transactions are conducted in a paperless manner you should think twice before you print something. Online file storage services will help you if your business transaction is done completely paperless. To save the environment and have less clutter around your home and office, just print less.

If you know in advance that you need to print a big photo job you may want to look into the online print services. Printing services offer you reasonable prices. Larger print jobs will get you a better deal when using a printing service. The benefit to finding a good online service is that you will save money on your printer cartridges.

It’s all about the font you use. You probably can’t tell by looking except with some obviously thicker fonts, but there are slight differences in fonts that require more or less ink. Install software on your computer that provides you with fonts that use up less ink. One software company that is offering this software is called Ecofont. Consider this, a 25% saving on ink if you just change your font.

By doing some research you should be able to save some money on your printer cartridges. The manufacturers are definitely not going to do anything to dissuade you from spending more since this is their profits on the line. If you are looking to save money you need to do some comparison shopping. If you are thrifty with your printing you will save some money.

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Printer Cartridges – The Greatest Tactics For Saving Money

Printer cartridges are a tricky method that companies who build printers are able to use to make extra money off of their consumers. Printers are relatively cheap these days and often times they are a just a piece of the package when you buy a computer. Still you will notice shortly that you often have to get a new printer cartridge, and they can cost nearly as much as the printer itself! In this article, we will offer some tips for saving money on printer cartridges.

There’s a trouble-free option for cutting the amount of printing you do in half, in relatively no time and this will for sure save you money on printer cartridges. This strategy is referred to as duplex printing and it is when you print on both sides of a page instead of just the one side. Not all printers have this capacity, though if the printer you now have can’t do this, you might want to keep this in mind for a future printer. You may have to spend more money up front, but you should remember the reduction of pages you’ll be printing. If you’re printing a lengthy document, you will be saving loads on the cost of paper. Duplex printing uses a smaller amount of toner than most printers, so you shouldn’t have to replace or refill the cartridges so frequently.

If you use your printer infrequently, the ink cartridges have the likelihood of drying out and you might have to replace it, despite the lack of printing you have done. This is why it is smart to print out a few pages each week with your printer, even if it’s not required. It can be really annoying to try to use your printer once you haven’t used it for a time, only to realize that you need to get a new printer cartridge. Habitual use will thwart this from occurring. Perhaps you’d like to spend money on multiple cartridges at once therefore when one requires replacement, you’ll have a full one ready for use, just in case you need it.

If you habitually clean your printer with a lint-free cloth, you can make your printer last longer and you’ll be able to save money on ink. When the printer’s nozzles are impeded with dust, you can get bands and daubs on your final printed pages. Aside from lower the print quality of your pages, it desecrates the ink. The information that comes along with the printer will potentially share with you how to clean the machine, of course the only thing you absolutely need is a cloth and some cleaning fluid that you can find at a store that sells office supplies or online. Be sure that the printer is not plugged in, and detach the printer tray and ink cartridges and lightly wipe away and dust, paper scraps or other substances.

To conclude, there is a plethora of strategies for saving money on printer cartridges, however you need to first recognize your printing preferences. If you are wary when opting for a printer, taken great care of it and don’t print more than you require and you’ll be able to make your printer cartridges last a lot longer. There are more rituals that can also help, plus some of the ones mentioned above. Be sure to remember that printer cartridges have a high price tag, so be aware when you’re printing and search for the lowest price tag you can find on a replacement.

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Use These 3 Techniques For Saving Money On Printer Cartridges.

If you have to buy printer cartridges frequently, you may be spending quite a bit of money. The printers are cheap, but the cartridges are expensive. If you want to outsmart the printer companies, you have to use a little ingenuity, and the following are some effective tactics for saving money on printer cartridges.

Many people spend a lot more than they have to on printing. If you need a hard copy for a specific purpose, that’s one thing, but in many cases you could simply save the document or image to your desktop and save paper as well as ink. Many business transactions today can be conducted in a paperless manner, giving you all the more reason to think twice before you print. Do you need more memory or want to make sure that your files are protected? It is environmentally friendly and economical to print less.

To print big amounts of photos you should use an online print service. There are several services that you can use to print your photos at a reasonable price. By printing a large quantity of photos you will get a better deal. To make your printer cartridges last longer you should find a good online service.

One little known trick for getting more out of your printer cartridges is by paying attention to the font you use when you print. You probably can’t tell by looking but there are slight differences in fonts that require more or less ink. Check your software to see if there are any fonts that use up less ink. The software company that is offering this sort of fonts is called Ecofont. For savings of up to 25% change the font on your computer.

In conclusion, if you want to save money on printer cartridges, you have to go out of your way to find the right information. Most profits come from the sales of printer cartridges, so the manufacturers will not encourage you to pay less. To pay a lot less than the average consumer for printer cartridges, you have to comparison shop and try some of the strategies outlined in this article. Proofreading your documents before you print will save you some money on ink and paper.

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