People who are responsible for planning a project, may find the most effective design approach is to analyse the subject reduced to its simplest fragments. What usually becomes apparent is that when looked at in simple terms, a significant common factor in planning is the concept of balance. In nature, balance is expressed in the form of symmetry. In most cases where planning is a concern, one will discover that balance can be a critical element.
The degree to which any concept or product will best fulfill its purpose depends in large part on the thought that went into its planning. A professional of nearly any discipline can tell you that the best policy is to “keep it simple” when formulating the structure of any object. Product developers learn that while what they are working on should look as attractive as possible, the best way to ensure that the product will perform its function well is to remember the simplicity principle.
Applying the same general approach based on reducing any planning process to the context of form and function may work equally well for nearly any professional aspiring to work at the top of their game. Working from such a perspective should help to keep in balance the tendency of some to favor the outward appearance over functionality. That balance may determine how well something works.
If you have ever heard the phrase that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts, then you are familiar with a concept from gestalt psychology which amounts to stating the importance of balance. Arranged in an optimum manner, the components of any plan or object will naturally perform at their highest level because all the forces, energy and friction involved are in balance.
The concept of balance is also related to that of harmony. When people think of something being in harmony, that is essentially another way of saying that its in a state of equilibrium, or balance. One is probably reminded of music upon hearing the word harmony, and the fact that the wave lengths of harmonious sounds are mathematically proportional supports the assertion that form and function in balance produce a thing of beauty.
In nature, balance is expressed as symmetry of form. Virtually all living things are structured in a symmetrical way, in perfect balance. Even down to the structure of matter itself, symmetry equates to stability.
The more one studies their environment, they should find many examples to support the claim that balance is the essence of good design. After all, experts in aesthetics contend that what is interpreted as beauty is, in fact, symmetry, or, in a word, balance.