As a more effective and efficient way of cultivating more and healthier aquatic plants and animals, aquaponics is the way to go in farming. You can get clean and sustainable food from this system. Not many individuals own large spaces in their backyard that is why traditional aquaculture and farming can be difficult to do.
The shortage of usable space is usually the dilemma preventing individuals from farming their own food sources. In aquaponics the space needed is less than that of the traditional farming which is beneficial to those who want to try the system.
Aquaponics is just a combination of aquaculture and hydroponics. Aquaculture is the farming of fish. Hydroponics is a vegetable farming with the use of a water-based medium.
Here are some points to simplify what happens in the aquaponics system. Edible aquatic animals are put into the tanks that have aeration systems helping to oxygenate the water.
The feeds used to give to the fish are pellets or natural/organic fish food. Wastes are produced by the fish after eating fish food. These wastes and water are mixed together. In the holding tank, there are also detritus and unused fish food.
The holding pump releases water into the growing beds. These growing beds hold vegetables planted in them.
The plants use the nutrients that are found in the water from the tank and also purify it. Then this water that has been purified and oxygenated by the plants is transported back to the tanks.
The purified and oxygenated water benefit the aquatic animals and the cycle continues ad infinitum. The plants grow continuously because of the water that is full of nutrients.
It is also possible to expand an aquaponics system. You can either increase the capacity of the existing system or you can add more holding tanks and enlarge the growing beds.
There are three main components that allow this system to thrive. Edible fish, bacteria in the water and plants are the three components. There is the sunlight as well that causes the plants and vegetables to grow. The waste itself is used up by the plants in this system which produces almost no waste making it a very good and simple system.
Looking at the system you can see the obvious plants and fish. However how do you get the bacteria? They come almost instantly. When the water in the tank is mixed with the fish’s waste then two types of bacteria will start to thrive.
The presence of the bacteria in the water will cause the fish waste and chemicals like ammonia to break down. The result of this chemical breakdown is the increase in the amount of nutrients in the water which will benefit the vegetables in the growing beds.